CRP Test Cost: How Much Does It Cost To Get Your CRP Numbers Checked?
What is CRP?
CRP stands for C-reactive protein, a marker for inflammation in your body. It is formed by the liver and secreted into the body during inflammatory conditions. Inflammation is the relocation of White Blood Cells to the site of injury or invasion by foreign organelles or microorganisms. The White Blood Cells fight the invaders, and thus, inflammation is visible as redness and swelling of the site.
The C-reactive protein acts as a non-specific marker; they do not provide information on the location of inflammation or the type of inflammation.
There also exists a variant of the CRP test. The hs-CRP test is the abbreviated form for the High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein test. The difference between the two is that the latter is highly sensitive. Thus, it will detect a slight increase in the CRP levels in your body,
So why would your doctor recommend an extra test? Why would they make you spend more and increase the time of diagnosis?
Why do you need the CRP test?
CRP levels increase in the body before the appearance of symptoms. Thus, the abnormal levels will indicate something is wrong. It helps healthcare professionals diagnose a specific disease based on various other signs and symptoms. Acute, chronic, and autoimmune diseases are diagnosed using CRP levels.
Additionally, these levels will let the doctor understand the effects of medications to treat medical conditions. For example, CRP levels can indicate if inflammation is suppressed or not and, thus, if the patient is being prescribed the correct medication.
When do you need the CRP test?
Suppose you are suffering from inflammatory action or an acute medical condition. Examples of the former case will be autoimmune disorders, while the latter will be an infection. Symptoms of an acute disorder include rapid heartbeat, fever, breathing, vomiting, and nausea. The symptoms of an autoimmune disease may be weight loss without any specific reason, difficulty sleeping, muscle weakness, pain, etc.
Functions of C-reactive protein
The protein secreted by the liver has two properties, namely pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory. As an anti-inflammatory agent, the protein fights invading microorganisms. It also removes damaged cells through the interaction with histone, chromatin, phosphocholine, etc. As pro-inflammatory action, the C-reactive protein activates the classic complement pathway and directs the phagocytic cell to pathogenic microbes and damaged or dead cells.
An ESR test compares to a CRP test. ESR or Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate is also indicative of inflammation. However, compared to the ESR rate, the rate of change of C-reactive protein in the case of inflammation is more rapid and better for diagnostic purposes.
What are the commonly diagnosed diseases by CRP test?
Internal inflammation is not detectable by oneself. However, autoimmune diseases, heart attack, sepsis, tissue injury, and bacterial and viral infection witness increased CRP levels before the onset of symptoms. Specifically, the list of diseases detected through the test is pericarditis, cancer, COVID-19 infection, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome (IRS), atherosclerosis, etc.
What are the requirements for the test?
A blood sample is drawn to test your body’s concentration of C-reactive proteins. Additionally, there are no risks in conducting the test. However, minor pain or bruising is common with blood tests and might also appear during CRP tests.
Understanding the results of the CRP test
According to the CRP levels, the estimation of the level of infection may vary.
- A CRP level of less than 0.3 mg/dl is considered normal.
- The CRP level ranging between 0.3 to 1.0 mg/dl indicates a minor or average elevation. Associated conditions include periodontitis, cigarette smoking, genetic polymorphism, diabetes, pregnancy, gingivitis, etc.
- The CRP level ranging between 0.3 to 1.0 mg/dl indicates moderate elevation. The diseases diagnosed with this concentration are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Arthritis, bronchitis, malignancy, myocardial infarction, pancreatitis, etc.
- A higher than 10 mg/dl concentration of CRP in the body is representative of acute and viral bacterial infections, major trauma, and systemic vasculitis.
- Greater than 50 mg/dl indicates an acute bacterial infection.
What is the cost of the CRP test?
The C-reactive protein test price is INR 525, and the cost of the hsCRP test is INR 770. The prices may vary depending on the location and the lab.
CRP test, or C-reactive protein test, is a quantitative test aimed at detecting CRP levels in the body. The test is indicative of inflammatory reactions inside the body. The levels further indicate the correctness of prescribed medications and the progress of the illness. Along with other specific tests, CRP levels can detect specific locations of inflammation in the body. C-reactive protein test prices range between INR 100 to 1000 and around INR 700 for hs-CRP. Get the test done as per your doctor’s advice.